hazard The likelihood of any one
specific volcanic hazard, including
lava flows, earthquakes, ground deformation, lightning, etc., occurring
in the place in question.
vulnerability The average intensity
of loss, from 0.0 to 1.0, to place or
person exposed to the hazard.
risk Hazard x Vulnerability
In volcanic risk management, there
are five categories of risk-takers:
1. The individualist: “What are the
chances it could happen to me?”
2. The activist: “We should take ur-
gent action to protect ourselves.”
3. The mitigator: “Things are fine,
but could always be better.”
4. The fatalist: “I hope I’ll be fine,
but I doubt it.”
5. The hermit: “What volcano?”
I learned to love the bus rides on the Avenida de los Volcanes.
It was some sort of religious experience, surrendering control over my life to the Holy Spirit, or Prince of Darkness.
The bus leaned over a vertical drop as it roared past another
bus on a blind curve. A thunderstorm crackled in the valley
below. A glittered crucifix swung in the windshield; a basalt
cli= blazed fire, with nothing to burn but stone. We tunneled
through a mile of cloud. Virgin of Mercy, Virgin of the Waters,
Virgin of Su=ering. Sometimes I saw nothing at all for the
rain and white hail, and hoped that the driver had some
facility of sight that I lacked.